Home Office

Script image posted November 24, 2014; text on page last updated December 07, 2014


Workers can spend so much time at the office their homes remain unoccupied for much of the day.  In that case rental / mortgage expenses are better off saved towards a future purchase or invested elsewhere.  Likewise, office buildings are usually unused after-hours and therefore go to waste during this time.  Adverse effects occur from daily commuting, including the risk of automobile accidents, exposure to pollution, and monetary costs.  Given these factors, more employees should be enabled to sleep in their office / place of work.  If living standards therein are unsatisfactory, i.e., harmful to one’s health, then doubt is raised if an individual should be in the place for any amount of time at all.

Modern working environments contain additional health hazards beyond standard housing, outlined in our respective presentation (nonprofitwebinar.org/housing); such concerns include:
– Ink aerosols from printers and copiers, which spread across upwards of a 10-meter radius, absorbed through the skin and membranes, containing chemicals which cause respiratory and other physical problems.  All such equipment, along with lamination / melted plastic (i.e., “3d printing”), should be kept isolated, in a separate room, with ventilation directing impacted air outside to an uninhabited area.  On a side note this is unfortunately a common source of exposure in public schools, where copy-room and lamination attendants suffer from chronic illness after working in such rooms; also, students’ desks are often well within range of exposure from laser printers, which is unacceptable.
– Electric radiation caused by wireless networks & mobile devices, known as “Electromagnetic Fields” or EMF, dangers from which are becoming more widely acknowledged, notably from power lines, wireless networks, cell towers, and “smart meters.”  Until further studies take place, workers should use a direct Ethernet connection whenever possible and the office administration consider having “wireless free” zones for those who don’t require “wi-fi” for any reason, or at least install the most powerful shielding and barriers available.  Unfortunately this is now a concern in most residential areas, especially apartments, where dozens of wireless networks are commonly within range of one unit, to which developing children are to be considered more at risk / susceptible.
– Fluorescent bulbs also emit electric radiation in use and carry the risk of mercury contamination when the bulb breaks.  Strict protocol must be followed to prevent mercury from spreading via HVAC, if one of these or a “plasma” / LCD screen breaks in the building; there are also red flags concerning “computer dust,” which contains traces of harmful metals.  Fluorescent bulbs should be replaced with the LED equivalent, if at all possible.
– Petroleum fumes from automobiles in the parking lot and nearby roads, with a cumulative effect of numerous vehicles, it has been determined air quality is even worse inside the building than outside.  Nearby roads and parking lots need to leave sufficient space away from the building, with natural remediation areas if possible.
– Lab work, involving chemical and biological agents, needs to be isolated in a separate building, with a remediation barrier outside.  Any worker involved in producing / utilizing said materials should receive the maximum appropriate protective equipment.  Any such labs and / or manufacturing must be sectioned off from residential facilities and IT / clerical staff, with an appropriate distance between the buildings.  Calculations are requested to determine the distances necessary for different materials, taking into account various substances and quantities.
– Custodial chemicals, often stronger than household cleaners; steam-based sanitization should be used instead whenever possible, along with UV / “flash” disinfectant, otherwise adequate air circulation and ventilation built in.  Custodians frequently work in close-quarters with chemical fumes, and it is regretful they are not always provided with respirators / hazard suits for their jobs.
– Unauthorized activity, such as smoking in the building, tenants who set up “meth labs;” policies must stipulate workers are not to perform any activity which will contaminate the building.  Detectors should be installed which alert their presence or upon being powered down without notice.

Amenities needed to facilitate the home office:
– Individual units / rooms with locks, electricity, lighting, climate control, cable internet access
– Sleeping accommodations in the rooms, potentially including a foldout bed, cot, recliner, air mattress, “business hammocks”
– Storage to hold hygiene products; closet space for clothing, shoes, ironing board
– Kitchen area, access to an oven, stove / range / hot plate, toaster, food “3d printer,” faculty fridge, pantry, dishwasher
– Laundry machines / washer & dryer, wash basin
– Bathroom and showering facilities, including privacy walls between stalls, bug / camera detectors available
– Trash / recycling disposal and pickup
– Tornado shelter / adverse weather protection
– Medical room / first aid station

Optional offerings to be included as needed / if possible:
– Lobby / reception / visitors’ center, conference rooms
– Cafeteria / restaurant, convenience store / grocer, vending machines
– Transportation / trolley service back to town / central locations
– Gym / fitness center; recreation rooms including video screens, table games
– Outdoor recreation – athletic fields / courts, grills / smoking section, trails / wilderness zones
– Camping / sleeping outside, weather permitting, secured / sectioned off with breach detection
– Daycare / child supervision, playground / activity areas
– Access control & audit trails for secure / high clearance sections, vault for valuables / sensitive documents
– Perimeter guard tower / watch post, surveillance, motion detectors, alarms
– Self contained water purification, backup power, landline phone / shortwave radio communication
– Gardening / greenhouse / aquaponics, long term volume food storage
– Religious quarters, church, temple, mosque
– Pet accommodations, fenced in outdoor section with shelter / “dog house”
– Docks / boathouse for those located along waterlines; flood protection, in that case
– Data backup warehouse, built in protection from electromagnetic discharge (i.e., faraday cage)
– Panic room, underground escape access, helicopter landing pad

References (Last Updated November 17, 2015):

The Office – BBC
Office Space by Mike Judge (First Revision)
The Official Dilbert Website with Scott Adams
See Mad Men’s Christina Hendricks Deal with the Hassles of a Modern Office
The One That Got Away – With ‘Doug,’ Nickelodeon’s Loss May Be Disney’s Gain
Lucy Kellaway’s History of Office Life
Employees who Work, Eat, and Sleep at the California Campus
Workers Lived in Campus Parking Lots with Free Food, Amenities
Forbes – Is Yahoo Right to Ban Working From Home?
Working from Home Ban? Marissa Mayer’s Policy Becomes Industry Narrative
Tent Cities Rise Across the Country – NBC News
Thousands of Homeless People Live in Shantytowns at the Epicenter of High-Tech Silicon Valley
World Health Organization – Occupational Health
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety
CDC – Workplace Safety and Health Topics
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences – Occupational Health
EPA – Indoor Air Quality (IAQ)
European Network for Workplace Health Promotion
NHS Choices – Workplace Health
Health & Safety Authority – Workplace Health
American Industrial Hygiene Association
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SHRM – Common Office Hazards
Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment
Home Office Hazards and How to Avoid Them
Environmental Health Administration – Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response Office
Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
OSHA – Indoor Air Quality
The Inside Story: A Guide to Indoor Air Quality
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NACHI – Air Quality in the Home
Outdoor, Indoor, and Personal Exposure to VOCs in Children
Your Indoor Air Quality Could Be Worse than Outdoor Air
Your Kitchen Could Have Worse Air Pollution than a City Centre Street
Hazardous Flame Retardants Ubiquitous in Preschools
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Mobile Phones Blamed for Sparrow Deaths
Urbanization, Trace Metal Pollution, and Malaria Prevalence in the House Sparrow
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Compact Fluorescent Light Bulbs: A New Cancer Risk in Your Home
Ultraviolet Radiation Emissions from Compact Fluorescent Lights
Energy-Efficient Lightbulbs May Have Dark Side When It Comes To Health
Energy Efficient Light Bulbs can Cause Cancer
A New Method of Poisoning Us With Radiation: ‘High Efficiency’ Light Bulbs
Office Lightbulbs May Increase Skin Cancer Risk
Are Your Office Lights Giving You Skin Cancer?
What IT Pros Should Know about Exposure to Hazardous Materials
Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Recycling (WEEE)
Warning: Laser Printers Could Be a Health Hazard
Particle Emissions from Laser Printers Could Pose Health Concerns
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Big Health Risk Seen in Some Laser Printers
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Office Printers Emit Hazardous Particles
Office Printers Emit Dust Particles which are ‘As Bad For You As Smoking’
3D Printing at Home Could Have Health Risks, Says Study
3D Printing Indoors Is as Bad for You as Smoking a Cigarette Inside
Nanoparticles Emitted from 3D Printers Could Pose a Risk
3D Printers Shown to Emit Potentially Harmful Nanosized Particles
Ultrafine Particles and the Potential Risks of Printing without Ventilation
What Are the Dangers of Commercial Laminating Machines & Poor Ventilation?
The Children who Make a Living in the Toxic World of Discarded Electronics
– Iowa Fast Food Restaurant Also Served As a Meth Lab
Meth Lab in Store Bathroom? Not the Oddest Place One Found
Why You Could Suffer from More Pollution While Driving a Car than Walking on the Street
Confirmed: Air Quality Worse Inside Cars
Effect of Motor Vehicle Emissions on Respiratory Health in an Urban Area
Taking on the Rising Death Toll from Traffic & Pollution
Heavy Air Pollution Blankets Northern China, Reaches ‘Hazardous’ Levels
China’s Toxic Air Pollution Resembles Nuclear Winter, Say Scientists
As Beijing Air Pollution Worsens, Some American Expats Clear Out
Inside the Iranian City Where the Air Is Three Times Worse Than Beijing’s
India’s ‘Airpocalypse’ Could Kill 229,000 People Every Year
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Drowsy Drivers Pose Major Risks
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Parking Lot Safety for Women
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Over 11 Million Americans Spend More Than Half Their Income On Rent
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Harvard Study Finds: The Rent Is Too Damn High
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Map: In 31 States, Daycare Is More Expensive Than College
More Employers Should Provide Care for their Workers’ Children. Pro or Con?
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USGS – Earthquake Map
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NOAA / NWS – Storm Prediction Center
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Smelters Across US at Risk from Tornadoes, Floods, Quakes
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Department of Defense – Confronting Y2K
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New Data Center Protects Against Solar Storms and Nuclear EMPs
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Power Blackout Management Research Could Benefit Renewable Energy Integration
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How to Detect Bugs & Listening Devices
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Technical Surveillance Counter Measures, TSCM-101
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Anti-Drone Camouflage: What to Wear in Total Surveillance
Corner Shower Stall: DYI Installation
How I Survived Communal Dorm Showers
There’s Nothing Awkward About A Bunch Of Athletes Showering Together
Gym Shower Etiquette Goes Down the Drain
Keep Your Gym Showers Clean
College 101: Communal Showers and Your Feet
Do I Really Need to Wear Shower Shoes?
Protect Your Foot Health at College
What Nasties Can You Pick Up at the Gym?
Be Sure Exercise Is All You Get at the Gym
Top 10 Shower Tent or Privacy Shelter when Camping
Hammock Camping Basics Illustration
List of Homer’s Jobs – Simpsons Wiki